General information

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State Symbols

Flag

The Flag contains three horizontal stripes of equal width. The upper stripe is of blue color, the middle one is red and the lower is green. The blue color is the color of Turkic (Azerbaijani) ethnos, red color symbolizes the adherence to freedom, democracy and human rights, and the green is the color of Islam. There is a white crescent and eight-pointed star in the middle of the red stripe. The star is the reflection of the eight different branches of the Turkic people. The ratio of the height of the flag to its length is 1 to 2.

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Emblem


The star, also seen in the flag, has the same meaning, namely, the eight different branches of the Turkic people. This eight-pointed star framed by gold, is superimposed on three circles: the inner one is green, the middle one is red, and the outer one is blue. These colors match the flag colors. Between each star point, on the blue circle, there are also smaller gold-framed eight-pointed stars. Inside the main central star there is a fire. The fire recalls the country’s other name: Land of fire. This fire symbolizes also freedom. The shield stands on a golden ear of corn.

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National Anthem

Music by Useir Hajibayov
Words by Ahmad Javad

Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan!
You are the country of heroes!
We will die so that you might be alive!
We will shed our blood to defend you!
Long live your three-colored banner!
Thousands of people sacrificed their lives
You’ve become the field of battles.
Every soldier fighting for youhas become a hero.
We pray for your prosperity,
We sacrifice our lives to you.
Our sincere love to you
Comes from the bottom of our hearts.
To defend your honor,
To hoist your banner,
All the young people are ready.
Glorious motherland,
Azerbaijan, Azerbaijan!

President of the Republic of Azerbaijan Ilham Aliyev

Biography

Ilham Heydar ogli Aliyev was born in December 24, 1961 in the city of Baky.
From 1967 till 1977 he studied in elementary and secondary schools in the city of Baky.
After graduating from secondary school in 1977, he entered Moscow State University of International Relations (MSUIR).
Upon graduation in 1982, he entered a post-graduate course at MSUIR.
After graduating from the University in 1985, he received a Master’s degree in History and International Relations.
From 1985 till 1990 he was a teacher at MSUIR.
From 1991 to 1994 he was engaged in private commercial activity in Moscow and Istanbul.
In May 1994 he became first vice-president of State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic (SOCAR),
From 1995 until the present time he has been a member of the parliament of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
In December 1999 he was elected to the post of Deputy Chairman, then in 2001 – First Deputy Chairman, of the “Yeni Azerbaijan” party. (governing political party of the Republic).
From 1997 he has been president of National Olympic Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan, a post that he continues to hold.
In January 2003 he was elected vice-president of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe and Bureau member.
In accordance with Milli Majlis decree dated August 4, 2003, he was appointed to the post of Prime Minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan.
Elected as President of the Republic of Azerbaijan on October 15, 2003.
He is fluent in Azerbaijani, Russian, English and French.
He has a son and two daughters.

Location

The Republic of Azerbaijan lies in the borderlands of Asia and Europe. It is situated in the south-eastern part of the Southern Caucasus and shares borders in the north with the Russian Federation, in the south with the Islamic Republic of Iran, in the west with Turkey, Georgia and Armenia, and in the east its neighbors across the Caspian Sea are Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan.

Country Name

Azərbaycan Respublikası (Republic of Azerbaijan)

Capital

Bakı (in USSR Baku) with a population of 1,807,300 (according to 2005 census

State Language

Azerbaijani

Religion

Religion is separated from the State and all religions are equal before the law

Population

The population is 8 347 000 people (January, 2005).

Monetary Unit

1 EUR = 1,2807 manat as at March, 2008)

National Holidays

  • January 1 – New Year
  • March 8 – Women’s Day
  • March 20-21 – Novruz bayramı (Celebration of Spring)
  • May 9 – Day of Victory over Fascism
  • May 28 – Republic Day
  • June 15 – National Salvation Day
  • June 26 – Armed Forces Day
  • October 18 – National Independence Day
  • November 12 – Constitution Day
  • November 17 – National Revival Day
  • December 31 – Day of Solidarity of Azerbaijanis throughout the World

Qurban bayramı (Thanksgiving-Offering Day) and Ramazan bayramı (End of Fasting) – The dates of celebration of these religious holidays are changed every year in accordance with the lunar calendar.

Territory

Area

86,600 sq km

Length of Land Boundaries

2,646 km

Borders with Neighbouring Countries

Armenia – 1007 km, Georgia – 480 km, Iran – 756 km, Russia – 390 km, Turkey – 13 km

Administrative Division

Autonomous Republic

Naxçıvan Muxtar Respublikası (Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic)

Regions

The Republic of Azerbaijan consists 65 regions, 69 cities, 13 urban regions, 130 settlements of urban type and 4354 rural settlements.
Abşeron, Ağcabədi, Ağdam, Ağdaş, Ağstafa, Ağsu, Astara, Balakən, Beyləqan, Bərdə, Biləsuvar, Cəbrayıl, Cəlilabad, Daşkəsən, Dəvəçi, Fizuli, Gədəbəy, Goranboy, Göyçay, Hacıqabul, Xaçmaz, Xanlar, Xızı, Xocalı, Xocavənd, İmişli, İsmayıllı, Kəlbəcər, Kürdəmir, Qax, Qazax, Qəbələ, Qobustan, Quba, Qubadlı, Qusar, Laçın, Lerik, Lənkəran, Masallı, Neftçala, Oğuz, Saatlı, Sabirabad, Salyan, Samux, Siyəzən, Şamaxı, Şəki, Şəmkir, Şuşa, Tərtər, Tovuz, Ucar, Yardımlı, Yevlax, Zaqatala, Zəngilan, Zərdab

Major Cities

Bakı, Əli Bayramlı, Gəncə, Xankəndi, Lənkəran, Mingəçevir, Naftalan, Sumqayıt, Şəki, Şuşa, Yevlax