Politics

Government

Form of Government:

Democratic, secular, unitary republic with a single legislative body. State power is based on the principle of division of powers: legislative power is implemented by the Parliament, executive power – by President, and judicial – by courts.

Legislative Power:

Milli Məclis (Parliament) – one chamber body comprising 125 deputies, elected by direct elections for a 5 year term.

Executive Power

Head of State:

President, elected for 5 year term by direct elections, is responsible for executive power.

Head of Government:

Prime Minister, appointed by President with the consent of Milli Məclis, is a head of Cabinet of Ministers, which arranges the implementation of the executive power of President.

Judicial Power:

Executed solely by Constitutional Court, Supreme Court and Economic Court, general and specialized courts.

Constitution

Following a referendum on November 12, 1995, the new Constitution of the Republic of Azerbaijan was adopted and entered into force on December 5, 1995. The country’s basic law was developed in line with the fundamental principles and norms of international law.
Continuing the centuries’ long traditions of statehood, and taking as a basis the principles expressed in the Constitutional Act “On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan”, desiring to provide prosperity and welfare for the whole society and each individual, wishing to establish freedom and security, understanding the responsibility before the past, present and future generations, using the right of its sovereignty the Constitution declares solemnly its following intentions:

    • Protect the independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Republic of Azerbaijan;
    • Provide a democratic system within the framework of the Constitution;
    • Achieve the establishment of a civil society;
    • Build a secular state based on the rule of law as an expression of the will of the nation;
    • Provide worthy living standards for everybody in conformity with just economic and social order;

Remain faithful to universal human values, to live in friendship, peace and freedom with all the nations of the world and cooperate with them for this purpose.

As stipulated by article 1 of the Constitution, “In the Republic of Azerbaijan, the Azerbaijani people shall be the sole source of State power”.
Under article 2 of the Constitution, the people of Azerbaijan shall exercise their sovereign right directly through nationwide voting (referendums) and through representatives elected on the basis of universal, equal and direct suffrage by free, secret and personal ballot.
Article 7 of the Constitution stipulates that the Azerbaijani State shall be a democratic, constitutional, secular and unitary republic. In Azerbaijan, the power of the State shall be restricted in domestic matters only by the country’s law and, in foreign affairs, only by the provisions arising from international treaties to which the Republic of Azerbaijan is a party. State power in the Republic of Azerbaijan shall be based on the principle of the division of powers among legislative, executive and judicial branches of power. Pursuant to the Constitution, the legislature, executive and judiciary shall interact with one another and be independent within their various jurisdictions.

Political Parties

There are 41 political parties in Azerbaijan:
1. Azerbaijan National Independence Party
2. Azerbaijan Renaissance and Progress Party
3. Azerbaijan People Democratic Party
4. Party of Republicans
5. National Democratic Cognition Party
6. Azerbaijan Peasant Party
7. Citizens’ Solidarity Party
8. Party of Musavat (Equality)
9. Party of Unity
10. New Azerbaijan Party
11. United Azerbaijan National Unity Party
12. United Azerbaijan Party
13. Party of Democratic Azerbaijan World
14. Independent Azerbaijan Party
15. National Liberation Party
16. Azerbaijan Compatriot Party
17. Azerbaijan Hope Party
18. “Gorgud” Party
19. Azerbaijan National Movement Party
20. Azerbaijan Communist Party
21. Azerbaijan National Statehood Party
22. Azerbaijan Patriots Party
23. Azerbaijan Democratic Entrepreneurs Party
24. Party of Alliance for the sake of Azerbaijan
25. Azerbaijan Democratic Enlightenment Party
26. Azerbaijan Social Welfare Party
27. Azerbaijan Liberal Party
28. Azerbaijan Social Democratic Party
29. Azerbaijan Popular Front Party
30. Azerbaijan United Communist Party
31. Party of Social Justice
32. National Congress Party
33. Party of Unity
34. Azerbaijan Republicans Party
35. Azerbaijan People Party
36. Azerbaijan Liberal Democrat Party
37. Azerbaijan Democrat Party
38. Azerbaijan Party of Fighters
39. Party of Justice
40. Party of National Unity
41. Party of “Muasir Musavat” (Modern Equality)

Diplomatic Relations

The Republic of Azerbaijan has diplomatic relations with the following countries:

1. Australia 19. 06. 92
2. Austria 20. 02. 92
3. Albania 23. 09. 93
4. Algeria 22. 04. 94
5. Angola 01. 12. 94
6. Andorra 30. 04. 96
7. Antigua and Barbuda 05. 04. 95
8. Argentina 08. 11. 93
9. Afghanistan 16. 11. 94
10. Bahrain 06. 11. 96
11. Bangladesh 26. 02. 92
12. Belarus 11. 06. 93
13. Belgium 17. 06. 92
14. Benin 14. 10. 99
15. Bulgaria 05. 06. 92
16. Bolivia 08. 07. 96
17. Bosnia and Herzegovina 09. 02. 95
18. Brazil 21. 10. 93
19. Brunei Darussalam 24. 11. 95
20. Burundi 02. 03. 95
21. Great Britain 11. 03. 92
22. Hungary 27. 11. 92
23. Venezuela 12. 05. 95
24. Vietnam 23. 09. 92
25. Holy See 09. 01. 94
26. Gambia 11. 11. 94
27. Ghana 11. 09. 92
28. Guyana 09. 01. 95
29. Guatemala 01. 11. 94
30. Guinea 11. 03. 92
31. Guinea Bissau 27. 08. 92
32. Honduras 22. 12. 94
33. Greece 02. 04. 92
34. Georgia 18. 11. 92
35. Gabon 01. 10. 96
36. Denmark 02. 04. 92
37. Djibouti 22. 10. 96
38. Egypt 27. 03. 92
39. Israel 07. 04. 92
40. India 28. 02. 92
41. Indonesia 24. 09. 92
42. Jordan 13. 02. 92
43. Iraq 30. 03. 92
44. Iran 12. 03. 92
45. Island 01. 07. 96
46. Spain 11. 02. 92
47. Italy 08. 05. 92
48. Island 27. 02. 98
49. Yemen 25. 02. 92
50. Zambia 18. 11. 93
51. Kazakhstan 30. 08. 92
52. Cambodia 28. 12. 94
53. Cameroon 24. 02. 95
54. Canada 10. 08. 92
55. Qatar 14. 09. 94
56. China 02. 03. 92
57. People Republic of China 30. 01. 92
58. Columbia 13. 12. 94
59. Comoros 06. 09. 94
60. Korea 23. 03. 92.
61. Costa-Rico 15. 01. 97
62. Cote d’Ivoire 19. 11. 96
63. Cuba 27. 03. 92
64. Kuwait 07. 10. 94
65. Kyrgyzstan 19. 01. 93
66. Laos 22. 05. 95
67. Latvia 11. 01. 94
68. Liberia 22. 05. 96
69. Lebanon 18. 09. 92
70. Libya 16. 03. 92
71. Lithuania 20. 11. 95
72. Liechtenstein 21. 01. 92
73. Luxembourg 01. 06. 92
74. Mauritius 19. 07. 96
75. Mauritania 29. 10. 94
76. Madagascar 26. 05. 93
77. Macedonia 28. 06. 95
78. Malaysia 05. 04. 93
79. Mali 26. 11. 96
80. Maldives 20. 12. 94
81. Malta 09. 01. 95
82. Morocco 25. 08. 92
83. Mexico 10. 02. 92
84. Mozambique 20. 06. 95
85. Moldova 18. 05. 92
86. Mongolia 16. 04. 92
87. Nepal 28. 02. 95
88. Nigeria 10. 11. 95
89. Netherlands 01. 04. 92
90. Nicaragua 23. 11. 94
91. New Zealand 10. 09. 92
92. Norway 05. 06. 92
93. United Arab Emirates 01. 09. 92
94. Oman 13. 07. 92
95. Palestine 15. 04. 92
96. Pakistan 09. 06. 92
97. Panama 06. 04. 95
98. Peru 25. 06. 96
99. Poland 21. 02. 92
100. Portugal 05. 06. 92
101. Russian Federation 04. 04. 92
102. Romania 21. 06. 92
103. Saudi Arabia 24. 02. 92
104. Seychelles 02. 11. 94
105. Senegal 14. 03. 96
106. Saint Kitts and Nevis 22. 03. 95
107. Singapore 15. 08. 94
108. Syria 28. 03. 92
109. Slovakia 23. 11. 93
110. Slovenia 20. 02. 96
111. Sudan 25. 07. 92
112. Surinam 11. 02. 00
113. USA 28. 02. 92
114. Sierra-Leone 13. 03. 95
115. Tajikistan 29. 05. 92
116. Thailand 07. 05. 92
117. Tunisia 01. 07. 98
118. Turkmenistan 09. 06. 92
119. Turkey 14. 01. 92
120. Uganda 19. 08. 95
121. Uzbekistan 02. 10. 95
122. Ukraine 06. 02. 92
123. Uruguay 12. 01. 95
124. Philippines 27. 03. 92
125. Finland 24. 03. 92
126. France 21. 02. 92
127. Germany 20. 02. 92
128. Croatia 26. 01. 95
129. Czech Republic 29. 01. 93
130. Chile 03. 11. 94
131. Switzerland 21. 01. 92
132. Sweden 08. 05. 92
133. Sri-Lanka 04. 08. 94
134. El-Salvador 23. 03. 99
135. Estonia 20. 04. 92
136. Ethiopia 02. 11. 92
137. South Africa 29. 04. 92
138. Yugoslavia 21. 08. 97
139. Jamaica 22. 11. 95
140. Japan 07. 09. 92
141. San Marino 19. 04. 02
142. Belize 24. 06. 02
143. Haiti 09. 05. 03
144. Sent-Vincent 23. 05. 03
145. Chad 05. 04. 04
146. South Timor 05. 04. 04
147. Paraguay 20. 04. 04
148. Eritrea 20. 04. 04